Near-field radiative heat transfer between parallel structures in the deep subwavelength regime

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

Nat Nano, Nature Publishing Group, Volume 11, p.515 (2016)

ISBN:

1748-3395

URL:

http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nnano.2016.20

Abstract:

<p>Thermal radiation between parallel objects separated by deep subwavelength distances and subject to large thermal gradients (&gt;100 K) can reach very high magnitudes, while being concentrated on a narrow frequency distribution. These unique characteristics could enable breakthrough technologies for thermal transport control and electricity generation (for example, by radiating heat exactly at the bandgap frequency of a photovoltaic cell). However, thermal transport in this regime has never been achieved experimentally due to the difficulty of maintaining large thermal gradients over nanometre-scale distances while avoiding other heat transfer mechanisms, namely conduction. Here, we show near-field radiative heat transfer between parallel SiC nanobeams in the deep subwavelength regime. The distance between the beams is controlled by a high-precision micro-electromechanical system (MEMS). We exploit the mechanical stability of nanobeams under high tensile stress to minimize thermal buckling effects, therefore keeping control of the nanometre-scale separation even at large thermal gradients. We achieve an enhancement of heat transfer of almost two orders of magnitude with respect to the far-field limit (corresponding to a 42 nm separation) and show that we can maintain a temperature gradient of 260 K between the cold and hot surfaces at ∼100 nm distance.</p>

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